Yesterday, on April 19, the International Court of Justice in the Hague took the first decision in the claim filed by Ukraine against Russia. In the said document, Ukraine demands to bring Russia to responsibility for the violations in the framework of two UN conventions, namely, «Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism» and «Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination», committed in the course of the events in the Crimea and Donbass. The claim was filed this January.
According to the decision on the interim measures, which was taken yesterday, the Court satisfied Kyiv’s demands only partially.
Thus, Ukraine failed to convince the International Court of Justice, that Russia deliberately supports terrorists in the east of Ukraine.
«Russia supplied heavy weaponry, money and human resources to the illegal armed groups, including the so-called Donetsk People’s Republic (the DNR) and Luhansk People’s Republic (the LNR),» – stated in the documents, submitted to the Court by the Ukrainian side.
With regard to the issue of the Crimea, the International Court of Justice satisfied only two of Ukraine’s demands. The Court obliged Russia, in the framework of the observance of the «Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination», to stop suppressing of the rights of the Crimean Tatar people, to permit the activity of the Medjlis and to ensure of the availability of education in the Ukrainian language.
Expert in the international law Evhenia Andreiuk has told about the consequences of the corresponding decision of the International Court of Justice for both Ukraine and Russia, in a comment for QirimInfo.
«The Court obliged Russia to cancel the decision on recognition of the Medjlis as an extremist organization, to resume its activity and to ensure the availability of education in the Ukrainian language,» – Evhenia Andreiuk has told.
She has noted that the UN Security Council should watch over the implementation of the resolutions of the Court. However, this decision appears likely to be blocked by the Russian side.
Ukraine could use the procedure of bypassing the UN Security Council through the UN General Assembly, but this is a complicated process, which demands «significant participation of the Ukrainian diplomacy».
Herein, the interim decision of the International Court of Justice will in no way affect the final decision on Ukraine’s claim against Russia.